Types of Hernia

There are many different types of hernia, please click on the name of the hernia below for a short description.

  • Inguinal +

    Inguinal hernias are found in the groin area and fall into two different types, indirect and direct. Indirect inguinal hernias can be congenital and are common in boys. Direct inguinal hernias are common in men. Both types have risks of containing bowel and in women, ovaries.
  • Umbilical +

    Umbilical hernias are common in babies and can be congenital, they are found in the umbilicus. This type of hernia usually closes without treatment and is unlikely to cause any problems.
  • Paraumbilical +

    Paraumbilical hernias are found in adults above the umbilicus. There is a risk of bowel contained within the hernia being strangulated.
  • Epigastic +

    Epigastic hernias are found between the breastbone and umbilicus along the midline. This type of hernia is often seen only when stood up. Epigastic hernias can cause pain if fatty tissue is strangulated.
  • Femoral +

    Femoral hernias are found in the groin but lower than an Inguinal hernia. These type of hernia are more common in women and can show as a buldge down the inner thigh. There is a risk of the hernia containing bowel.
  • Spigelian +

    Spigelian hernias are found when part of the bowel pushes through the side of the abdominal muscles. There is a risk of this type of hernia containing bowel.
  • Obturator +

    Obturator hernias are found deep in the pelvis and are more common in older women and women who have had children. This type of hernia can cause pain down the inner thigh.
  • Lumbar +

    Lumbar hernias are found on the side of the back and can cause back pain. There is a risk of bowel, kidneys, spleen, ovary or ureter herniating into it.
  • Gluteal +

    Gluteal hernias originate from the abdomen into the buttock and can contain bowel.
  • Sciatic +

    Sciatic hernias are more common in women and show as a lump under the buttock. This type of hernia can contain bowel, bladder, ovary or uterus.
  • Incisional +

    Incisional hernias occur after surgery where there is a weakness in the muscles. The contents of incisional hernias varies depending on where the hernia is located.
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